Key Concepts

Key Concepts are big ideas that have relevance within specific disciplines and across subject areas. MYP students use concepts as a vehicle to inquire into issues and ideas of personal, local and global significance and examine knowledge holistically. The MYP prescribes sixteen key interdisciplinary concepts along with related concepts for each discipline.

  • Aesthetics

  • Change

  • Communication

  • Communities

  • Connections

  • Creativity

  • Culture

  • Development

  • Form

  • Global interactions

  • Identity

  • Logic

  • Perspective

  • Relationships

  • Systems

  • Time, place and space

Aesthetic deals with the characteristics, creation, meaning and perception of beauty and taste. The study of aesthetics develops skills for the critical appreciation and analysis of art, culture and nature. —Art

Change is a conversion, transformation or movement from one form, state or value to another. Inquiry into the concept of change involves understanding and evaluating causes, processes and consequences. —Individuals and Societies | Science | Health and Physical Education | Art

Communication is the exchange or transfer of signals, facts, ideas and symbols. It requires a sender, a message and an intended receiver. Communication involves the activity of conveying information or meaning. Effective communication requires a common “language” (which may be written, spoken or non-verbal). —English Language and Literature | Language Acquisition | Health and Physical Education | Art | Design

Communities are groups that exist in proximity defined by space, time or relationship. Communities include, for example, groups of people sharing particular characteristics, beliefs or values as well as groups of interdependent organisms living together in a specific habitat. —Design

Connections are links, bonds and relationships among people, objects, organisms or ideas.—English Language and Literature | Language Acquisition

Creativity is the process of generating novel ideas and considering existing ideas from new perspectives. Creativity includes the ability to recognize the value of ideas when developing innovative responses to problems; it may be evident in process as well as outcomes, products or solutions. —English Language and Literature | Language Acquisition

Culture encompasses a range of learned and shared beliefs, values, interests, attitudes, products, ways of knowing and patterns of behavior created by human communities. The concept of culture is dynamic and organic. —Language Acquisition

Development is the act or process of growth, progress or evolution, sometimes through iterative improvements. —Design

Form is the shape and underlying structure of an entity or piece of work, including its organization, essential nature and external appearance. —Mathematics

Global interactions, as a concept, focuses on the connections among individuals and communities, as well as their relationships with built and natural environments, from the perspective of the world as a whole. —Individuals and Societies

Identity is the state or fact of being the same. It refers to the particular features that define individuals, groups, things, eras, places, symbols and styles. Identity can be observed, or it can be constructed, asserted and shaped by external and internal influences. —Arts

Logic is a method of reasoning and a system of principles used to build arguments and reach conclusions. —Mathematics

Perspective is the position from which we observe situations, objects, facts, ideas and opinions. Perspective may be associated with individuals, groups, cultures or disciplines. Different perspectives often lead to multiple representations and interpretations. —English Language and Literature

Relationships are the connections and associations between properties, objects, people and ideas—including the human community’s connections with the world in which we live. Any change in relationship brings consequences—some of which may occur on a small scale, while others may be far-reaching, affecting large networks and systems such as human societies and the planetary ecosystem. —Science | Mathematics | Health and Physical Education

Systems are sets of interacting or interdependent components. Systems provide structure and order in human, natural and built environments. Systems can be static or dynamic, simple or complex. —Individuals and Societies | Science | Design

Time, place and space are intrinsically linked concepts that refer to the absolute or relative position of people, objects and ideas. Time, place and space focuses on how we construct and use our understanding of location (“where” and “when”). —Individuals and Societies